Investments and Fair Value of Financial Instruments
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Investments and Fair Value of Instruments||
Note 4 – Investments and Fair Value of Instruments
Investments consist of available-for-sale securities which are carried at fair value. Interest and dividends on investments are included in finance income, net.
As of March 31, 2020, the Company did not have any investments. The following table summarizes, by major security type, the Company's investments as of December 31, 2019:
The Company accounts for financial instruments in accordance with ASC 820, "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" ("ASC 820"). ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820 are described below:
Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Quoted prices in non-active markets or in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, observable inputs other than quoted prices, and inputs that are not directly observable but are corroborated by observable market data;
Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.
There were no changes in the fair value hierarchy leveling during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and during the year ended December 31, 2019.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company's financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis, by level within the fair value hierarchy, as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
Financial instruments with carrying values approximating fair value include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses, and certain other current liabilities, due to their short-term nature.
Contingent Royalty Obligation
In estimating the fair value of the Company's contingent royalty obligation (see Note 9), the Company used the discounted cash flow method as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Based on the fair value hierarchy, the Company classified contingent royalty obligation within Level 3 because valuation inputs are based on projected revenues discounted to a present value.
The following table sets forth a summary of changes in the estimated fair value of the Company's Level 3 contingent royalty obligation for the three months ended March 31, 2020:
The contingent royalty obligation is re-measured at each balance sheet date using the following assumptions: 1) discount rate of 21% at both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, and 2) rate of royalty payment of 3% at both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
In accordance with ASC-820-10-50-2(g), the Company performed a sensitivity analysis of the liability, which was classified as a Level 3 financial instrument. The Company recalculated the fair value of the liability by applying a +/- 2% change to the input variable in the discounted cash flow model; the discount rate. A 2% decrease in the discount rate would increase the liability by $177 and a 2% increase in the discount rate would decrease the liability by $156.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef